Components of the Civil Rights Movement

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The Three Most Critical Components of the Civil Rights Movement

The first critical component of the civil rights movement is the circular left; that is, the members of the left-wing that supported the separation of the church from the State and secularists. In my view, the secular left is an important component of the civil rights movement because of the role that its members played in the various revolts in the 1960s. For instance, the members of the American Communist Party (ACP) not only spearheaded the revolt, but were also committed to racial justice. Due to such commitment, ACP members stood with the party and joined other national and grassroots organizations in a bid to advocate for justice. A good example of secular left advocate is Brooklyn’s school integration in 1950s. The role of secular left in civil rights movements is further depicted by the anti-Communist democratic socialist and social democrats. These two movements were the force behind the certain revolts such as the New York City School Boycott that was carried out on 3rd February, 1964.

The second aspect that can be considered to be an important component of the civil rights movement is religion. This is composed of all religious components such as leaders of various denominations and other lay persons that were involved in planning, organizing and executing various civil rights demonstrations. On the above capacity, black churches were very active not only in planning, but also took part in the actual demonstrations whose aim was to propagate racial equality and freedom (Digital History, 2012). For instance, the churches conducted various night meetings in the church where members got enlightened on various critical right and freedom issues. Most of such night meetings were presided over by eloquent speakers thereby offering the members all sorts of freedom that they were being denied by the state; among the freedom that religious component offered to the members included singing of freedom songs, opportunity for testimonies, and finding of civil rights movements (Digital History, 2012). At the same time, religion accorded black communities an opportunity to join the main stream religious organizations; a move that offered black religious communities a ladder to leadership in the then local chapters of the American civil rights movements such as the Urban League and the NAACP. 

The last critical component of the civil rights movement is the Black Nationalist. This is owed to the fact the Black Nationalist is believed to have aroused the various objectives that were earlier on instigated by the previous civil rights movements. In other words, various objectives that were eventually associated with the black nationalists of 1960s had existed in the reign of movements such as “Don’t Buy Where You Can’t Work” crusades that had been carried out in various America cities (Digital History, 2012). One of the aspects that the black nationalists became identified with as far as involvement in the civil rights movements is concerned is their inability to turn from their words. Such spirit allowed the activists to not only advocate and participate in the civil rights campaigns, but also to defend themselves whenever they were accused of violating the law without wavering on their stand on racial justice and freedom. Black Nationalist also worked close with other personalities such as Malcolm X, through whom they were acquired the “human rights” besides the civil rights that the blacks had been denied throughout the American history (Digital History, 2012). In addition, Black Nationalists are considered to be a critical component of the civil rights movements because of the unity of purpose that is inculcated in its members. Such, stance could be reflected by the Malcolm X who despite having disagreed with the black nationalist’s ideologies at some point did not quit the organization, but utilized the movement as tool to oppose school segregation.

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