Protection of Human Participants
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Benefits.The major benefit to the participants is the privilege to discuss their problem with a friendly person. They get an opportunity to interact with researchers, thus get a chance to increase their knowledge about themselves through introspection. They can know their conditions much better. There will be an excitement for being a part of the study. Self-satisfaction that information they acquire could be helpful for others having similarity in their issues. They can get stipends or other privileges for their contribution.
Risks to the Participants.They are prone to have the unanticipated physical side effects. It could cause fatigue, psychological issues that result from introspection, having unknown fears, anger, feeling of embarrassment for the type of questions asked. Participants may face the risk of losing the social status causing drastic effect on the personal life. They lose privacy, time and monetary expenditures. The informed consent is to protect the research participant. According to the author, for participation, the patient’s consent is important. Informed consent is a legal principal. The subject participates voluntarily in the study.
The researchers obtained the informed consent from the participants. The only participant who was interested to be a part of the study was made the study sample after making them understand the benefits and risks associated with the research.
Before the beginning of the study, the researcher generated relevant documents for the study. It was then reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board.
The dependent and independent variables identified in study is “HRQL-mental” and “HRQL-physical”.
The data collection methods included interviews, journaling, observation of participants, and art analysis. The most common method used was through the interviews. The authors are more rationale in having face-to-face interviews than preferring telephonic ones. The interview time lasted between sixty to ninety minutes. The researchers prefer a comfortable room having no interruptions for the process. The information is confidential. Trust is yielded by maintaining a good rapport. A set of semi-structured interviews that has fixed questions is used. There will be no fixed responses, and it helps the participant to expand and elaborate on the points made in the conversation. By using individual interviews, the authors seek to understand personal attitudes and beliefs surrounding the topic (Jackson, Daly, & Davidson, 2008).The scholar seeks a natural setting or a location for a descriptive study (Burns & Grove ,2011).
Data Management and Analysis
The data was analyzed with SPSS version 14. To describe the demographic characteristics of the participant, the frequencies and descriptive statistics were employed.By the authors, the data collection and analysis occur simultaneously. The interviewer gathers, manages and interprets the data (Burns & Grove, 2011).The data analysis performs later. The audio tapes of the interview are accurately transcribed (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). It is a time-consuming process since it includes one hour to record and four hours to transcribe the information. Significant information is extracted and the meaning is formulated from the information. There is a cluster of themes. The meaning is verified if it is genuine and is not manipulated just to fit in the theme. An exhaustive description is formulated with the aim to capture and elucidate the intensity and depths in the situation experienced by the participant. To ensure the rigor, the researcher provides a copy of observation to the participant and verifies if it is correct. The scientists also used the non-parametric correlation statistical tests to determine the relationship between the dependent and independent variables. They did not make any paper trial of the important information during analyzing the data. The researchers used SPSS method to verify the accuracy of the data.
Findings / Interpretation of Finding
In accordance with the authors, the important finding was correcting the misunderstanding of the participants about using pain medication. The knowledge deficits regarding the pain medication was corrected. The result is based on beliefs, past experiences and previous records of the researches done. The clinical interpretation is that patients fail to understand the use of medication correctly.
The scholars did not discuss any interpretation related to the family or spouse care as it does not fit in the research according to the authors’ philosophy of nursing and health care.
The study findings are stated in a logical manner which has implication for the nursing practices. The researchers examined how diabetic young adults termed spirituality and relationship between spirituality and coping. The implication states the health care professionals must consider the fact that young men and women ought to have the spiritual growth to enable them to cope with the situations.
Qualitative and quantitative studies suggest the ideas where health care professionals can incorporate spirituality into diabetics care (Burns & Grove, 2011).