Value of Technology vs. Value of Human Life
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Constant improvement of technology causes replacement of people in different sectors of economy. Currently, millions of potential employees are jobless due to the advancements in technology. After the great depression of the 1930’s, rate of global unemployment has reached its highest peak. In the whole world, more than eight hundred million people are unemployed. The figure is rising daily mostly due to the technological improvements. In addition, as technology progresses and population increases, the value of human life decreases.Advancement of technology is starting to make humans obsolete.
With the advancement of technology, machines replace human workforce. This pattern is common for all countries. Companies in the transnational economies are introducing modern technologies that are cost efficient, high quality, and fast in delivering results. This leads to many workers losing jobs as a result of technological improvements. Modern surveys suggest that less than five businesses have begun the evolution of the new technology culture.
There are three main sectors (farming, manufacturing and service industry) where employment has been largely affected by the use of advanced technology. Over 2.4 million people rely on land for farming and yet technological changes are quickly replacing farmers. Chemical, biological and mechanical revolutions are the leading causes of unemployment for those people who rely on employment in the farms for survival. This trend has led to more and more people living below the poverty line. Furthermore, the number of farms is reducing due to the advancement in agricultural software that leads to production of higher yields with fewer workers (Southwick, 2011).
The more technology is improved the more people face the risk of being replaced by computer driven robots. In Israel, there are plans to replace Palestinian farmers with robots due to the high risks brought up by employing migrating Palestinian laborers. This issue led the Israelis to focus on robots as substitutes for farm laborers. Currently, the robots are used for spraying pesticides on the plants and in laying rows between rows of crops. The Israelis are making plans to come up with robots that will be able to sense fruits and pick them, plough and seed fields, sheer their sheep and feed dairy cows (Hansen, 2010).
Traditionally, the manufacturing industry employed millions of rural workers all over the world. However, these industries are now undergoing revolution to open channels for re-engineered and highly automated systems. Technological revolution favors the industries, but millions of people are suffering as its result. Most of the human population will lag behind and will never catch up with the high tech global economy.
Ever since the Industrial Revolution, machines have evolved to make work easier. They have also led to faster production of work, but until recently, the consequences of this form of advancement have not been felt much. In the manufacturing industry, the auto manufacturers have had the most breakthroughs. The auto manufacturing industry produces over 50 million vehicles annually. With the advancement of technology, it is predicted that Japan will be able to produce and finish an automobile in eight hours. If the predictions are right, millions of workers who would have relied on such jobs will be jobless. The increasing number of robots is a massive threat to the human population since a single robot can replace four jobs in the economy of countries. This means, if companies were to adopt the technology culture, many blue collar workers would be rendered jobless (Daniel, 2011).
The service sector is similarly at a huge risk of losing many white collar workers to robots. Information technology is fast in replacing human beings. For example, ATM’s have replaced bank tellers in many regions of the world, and automated airline shops have replaced ticket agents. The aim of these technologies is to get rid of workers. With a machine, there is no need of salaries at the end of the month, machines do not call in sick or need insurance and pension which is exceedingly costly for companies.
Technology is growing in many ways. For example, the United States Department of Defense aims at substituting a one third of weapons and armed vehicles with robots. This means that a third of the military personnel will lose their jobs once the robots are put in place. Technology is also advancing to extreme levels either for self defense or for achieving set goals (Johnson, 2007). Future weapons, for example, the Aurora Excalibur, is an airplane that can reach a speed of 360 miles in one hour and can take missiles on board for shooting targets. The aircraft is managed with a remote control. Another weapon that is in its early stages of development for future use is the rail gun. This is a weapon that can shoot with a speed of up to 2.4 kilometers per second. This is seven times the speed of sound. Similarly, sophisticated sensors are developed for future use. One of the examples is the hybrid insect memes. This is partly an insect and partly a machine. It has a micro-mechanical systems technology which is usually placed inside the insect during its metamorphosis. The pest is then controlled with a remote using the micro-mechanical system attached in its body. It uses sensors to gather information (Goldman. 2010).
Many jobs such as banking, education and law are at a risk of been replaced with robots. A few decades ago, people had to go physically to the bank to do their money transactions. Currently, this process is not always necessary when there is the need to do monetary transactions. This is explained by the fact that people rarely go to the bank since ATM’s are easily available. In the education sector and law, information can be obtained from internet sources, thus, teachers and lawyers’ careers are at risk.
Internet technology has replaced face to face human interactions, thus, replacing human social systems of interaction with technology. In some extreme cases, interaction of family members and friends is been replaced with virtual communication. Families and friends who are miles apart from each other find it easy to use means of virtual communication. This reduces the need of people meeting face to face. Lack of interaction could lead to people suffering more from stress related issues than they used to in the past. Moreover, some of the diseases that people can get from excessive use of virtual communication include stroke and increased blood pressure (Quay, 2012).
Effects of Over Population in Value of Human Life
Human population is largely increasing every day. As a result, this affects the value of human life. The list of problems brought by over population includes shortage of water, resources, personal freedom and increase of the number of conflicts.
Basic resources are strained. One out of every seven people in the world, goes to sleep hungry every day. Eighteen thousand children die of hunger related diseases and malnutrition daily. If world population grew to sustainable levels, food production and distribution would be enough for the population (Ehrlich, 2009).
Over population has led to the increase of the number of businesses in the world. The increase in the population has led to increase in demand of goods. The numbers of industries that manufacture goods have increased significantly. Increase of the number industries over the years has led to air pollution which has serious consequences. The rate of diseases brought by air pollution has increased considerably thus affecting the quality of life. In industrialized countries, technology such as automobiles that consume more fuel has increased the problem to almost uncontrollable levels. In developing countries, wood is the basic source of fuel. Use of wood has also led to the increase of air pollution, thus, increasing the risk of people acquiring air pollution complications. Technology in the form of using advanced energy saving wooden stoves has merely solved the issue. Thus, the human population at large is still at risk in terms of life quality.
Oil and gas are the cheapest modes of transportation for most of the population today. Transportation of both people and goods is usually done through automobiles which use oil in its various forms. The unprecedented rise of human population due to technological advancement has led to the current rush of oil in any possible place where oil is present. People are usually in a rush to get money. This has resulted in the use of complex machines to drill oil in areas where oil should not be drilled. Drilling of oil in such areas is not safe, and some of its effects are such as oil spill in the gulf region (Mc Cuen, 2011)
Increase of human population has led to the increase in depletion of the ozone layer due to different chemicals that are released into the air. Chemicals from industries in the form of chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) destroy the ozone layer. Therefore, the ozone layer cannot protect humans from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun. Despite efforts to ban the most harmful chemicals, the effect of the present CFC’s in the atmosphere will last for an unusually long time since the effects are long lasting.
Overpopulation has led to the emerge of people conflicting over scarce resources to the point of going to war with each other. Technologically advanced machines are used by stronger nations to fight against the weak nations for resources. The areas of Jordan River, Israel, Jordan, Syria and the West Bank are always in conflict due to fighting over water. The conflict in the region ever since 1950 is due to water scarcity. Millions of people depend on the water from river Jordan since the area is a desert region. Similar scenarios are likely to occur in the future if the population continues to bloom uncontrollably.
Technology has led to the advancement of medicine. In turn, improvement of medicine has led to increase in the human population. With better technology, the mortality rate has reduced, thus, leading to the increased population due to the advancement of technology and medicine. Increase of the human population has led to the spread of diseases at faster rates, especially of the air borne diseases. Even though, technology has saved many lives, the world is suffering due to the increase of the population to unsustainable levels.
Technology has enabled easy transportation of people from one place to another. As a result of technological advancements, people have immigrated to different cities and settled there. It is certain that these immigrants increase the population of the city and, thus, the area is likely to suffer from the effects of overpopulation. Moreover, if the rate of emigration exceeds the rate of immigration in the country, overpopulation weighs down the area.
Overall, technological advancement has its benefits in terms of lessening the work that is performed by people. However, with time, it has become so advanced that it is replacing the work done by human beings. Advancement in technology has also led to overpopulation, thus, affecting the quality of human life. This is due to the negative effects of technology on the human population.